Frequently Asked Questions

01. How is investing different from savings?

Saving is putting aside a part of your earnings for future use. It is usually done by keeping your money in extremely safe and liquid avenues like bank savings accounts, FDs, PPFs, etc.

This way, your money is safe and even fetches a nominal interest rate of 6-9%. However, the inflation rate, which in reality is well over 10%, keeps eating into your purchasing power over a period of time.

To stay ahead of the inflation, you need options that provide an interest rate of at least 12-15%. This is where investments come into the picture. Investments could be in anything ranging from a small business to rare antiques to gold coins, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, real estates, etc. It is the process of putting your money in assets which will generate relatively higher returns over time, making you wealthier with each passing year.

02. Why is investing a smart idea?

One of the best ways to secure your future  besides a healthy diet  is a healthy bank balance. And generally, there are two ways of making money: one by working for it, and the other by making your money work for you. Investments are for those who prefer the latter.

When you invest, your money is planted in areas where it can really grow and flourish. In which case, your robust financial health beats inflation hands down. This is where investments have an upper hand over money kept in a savings account.

With clever investments, you’ll have a lot more money for things like retirement, education, recreation  or you could pass on your riches to the next generation so that you become your family’s most cherished ancestor!
So come to think of it, in today’s world investing isnt just smart its essential.

03. How can I manage my finances?

When it comes to managing finance and investment planning, you need to be sure about your financial goals. It could be buying a second home, financing a wedding, funding your childs education, ensuring a regular income post retirement and so forth.

For each goal, you need to consider:

Your risk appetite
Your time frame

So if you have more time to reach your goals, you can afford to take more risks with equities that have the potential for higher growth. Plus, you can also ride out short term market volatility. And more time gives your money the power of compounding too. This means, you actually need to save less to reach your goal.

04. What are the different investment options?

Bonds (Debt)

A bond is a financial asset issued by governments, companies, banks, public utilities and other large entities which can come under fixed-income securities.

When a bond is purchased, your money is lent out to a company or government. In return, they agree to give you an interest on your money and eventually pay you back the amount you lent out. Bonds in a way are quite safe and stable but they come at a cost. Because there is little risk, the returns are also limited.

Stocks (Equity)

Stock is a security issued in the form of shares that represent an ownership interests in a company. The owners of the companys stock are called stockholders or shareholders and they receive profit or loss of the company as per the percentage of stock they own. The benefit of owning a stock is that you profit as the company profits. However, stocks are volatile as they fluctuate in value on a daily basis and the returns aren’t guaranteed. But the upside is that equities have relatively higher potential returns when compared to bonds.

Mutual Funds

Quite simply, a mutual fund is a mediator that brings together a group of people and invests their money in stocks, bonds, and other securities. Each investor owns shares, which represent a portion of the holdings of the fund. Thus, investment in mutual funds is one of the most viable investment options for the common man as it offers an opportunity to invest in a diversified, professionally managed basket of securities at a relatively low cost.

Alternative investments: Options, Futures, FOREX, Gold, Real Estate, Etc.
Besides debt and equity, there are alternative investment instruments which are generally high-risk but high-return options which need expertise before going any further. For a novice, these are the territories best left unchartered.

05. What is the power of compounding?

Returns on investments exhibit the effect of compounding. It means that the returns earned on the investment in the first year get added to the amount in subsequent years and fetches its own returns.

Thus, if you invest Rs. 1 crore today in equity at 15%, the corpus would grow to Rs. 4 crore in 10 years time. In contrast, in a fixed deposit at 7%, the corpus would only be Rs. 2 crore in 10 years time.

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